全球视野 | 面对经济逆风与生活成本危机,慈善事业应该如何应对?

 
 
 
 

 

花旗GPS报告:慈善事业必须创新以应对生活成本危机,拥抱数字以及与投资更紧密结合

Citi GPS Report: Philanthropy Must Innovate to Meet the Cost-of-living Crisis, Embracing Digital and a Closer Integration With Investments

 

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报道《Citi GPS Report: Philanthropy Must Innovate to Meet the Cost-of-living Crisis, Embracing Digital and a Closer Integration With Investments/花旗GPS报告:慈善事业必须创新以应对生活成本危机,拥抱数字以及与投资更紧密结合》发布在雅虎网上。报道介绍了由花旗全球视角与解方案/Citi GPS发布的最新报告《慈善与全球经济v2.0:在充满挑战的时代重塑捐赠》。报告警告说,尽管慈善事业可支配的资产比想象中要多,但慈善机构仍面临危机;并建议慈善组织应该战略性地部署催化资本以调动投资资本,同时需要为数字资产捐赠做好准备。

 
 

 

 

Citi today released a Global Perspectives & Solutions (Citi GPS) report titled Philanthropy and the Global Economy v2.0 – Reinventing Giving in Challenging Times. While conflict in Ukraine has catalysed giving globally in 2022, economic headwinds now risk creating a triple squeeze on philanthropic giving as charities face higher costs, more demand for their services, and declining funding. This report looks at ways in which philanthropy can innovate to unlock the funds required to continue supporting its beneficiaries. 

 

花旗在10月4日发布了一份名为《慈善与全球经济v2.0:在充满挑战的时代重塑捐赠》全球视角与解决方案/Citi GPS报告。虽然俄乌冲突在2022年促进了全球范围内的捐赠,但由于慈善机构面临更高的成本对其服务的更多需求以及资金的减少,因此经济逆风现在有可能对慈善捐赠造成三重挤压。这份报告探讨了慈善事业如何通过创新,从而可以来释放继续支持其受益人所需的资金。 

 

 

The cost-of-living crisis has been seen by many as potentially bigger than COVID-19. This will place additional strain on charitable services that are already stretched from supporting the pandemic recovery. Importantly, elevated demand is affecting not only health charities, but charities across the board. Likewise, a broad cross-section of civil society will likely see demand increase, not only those providing essential goods. 

 

许多人认为生活成本危机可能比新冠疫情更加严重。这将给已经因支持新冠疫情恢复而捉襟见肘的慈善服务,带来额外压力。重要的是,升高的需求不只影响到卫生慈善机构,而且是影响到了所有的慈善机构。同样地,不仅是那些提供必需品的机构,民间社会的广泛领域也可能看到需求的增加。 

 

 

"Philanthropy has many more assets at its disposal than we realise – cash giving is around $550 billion globally each year, but we estimate that investable assets total more than four times this amount globally", says Andrew Pitt, Head of Research for the Institutional Clients Group at Citi. "Better aligning these investment assets with their mission stands to unlock many more funds that could deliver the positive social impacts that the sector seeks," he adds. 

 

花旗的机构客户部研究主管安德鲁·皮特表示:“慈善事业可支配的资产比我们意识到的要多得多,全球每年的现金捐赠约为5500亿美元,但我们估计全球慈善事业可投资的资产总额是这个数字的四倍多。”他补充说:“将这些投资资产与它们的使命更好地结合起来,将释放出更多的资金,从而实现该行业所追求的积极社会影响。” 

 

Yet, while it is larger than we think, philanthropy is still small compared with the overall capital markets. Hence, strategically deploying catalytic capital to mobilise investment capital, and route it towards causes that the non-profit sector seeks to support, is key to unlocking maximum funding. According to some sources, less than 4% of Foundations employed loans, equity investments or impact investments in pursuit of philanthropic goals in recent years. 

 

然而,尽管慈善事业比我们想象的要大,但与整个资本市场相比,它仍然很小。因此,战略性地部署催化资本,以调动投资资本,并将其用于非营利部门寻求支持的事业,是释放最大资金的关键。据一些资料显示,近年来,只有不到4%的基金会采用贷款股权投资影响力投资来追求慈善目标。 

 

 

Beyond unlocking investment assets for social purpose, the report also highlights the need to target a new group of donors, the digital asset givers. Donations in cryptocurrencies skyrocketed in 2021, with some data reporting between a six-fold and 12-fold increase in digital asset donations. The demographic profile of digital asset owners differs from the traditional donor. Digital asset owners are typically younger and male while traditional donors are typically middle-aged and female. This presents an opportunity to grow the stock of philanthropy, and potentially to democratise it globally, if digital asset owners turn some of their funds to giving. However, philanthropy practiced by digital asset owners looks different from traditional donors in terms of causes that are currently being supported, with a very heavy bias to environmental causes. 

 

除了为社会目的释放投资资产之外,该报告还强调需要针对新的捐赠人群体,即数字资产捐赠人。加密货币的捐赠在2021年猛增,一些数据报告说数字资产捐赠增加了6倍到12倍。数字资产所有者的人口统计学特征与传统捐赠人不同。数字资产所有者通常是年轻男性,而传统捐赠人通常是中年女性。如果数字资产所有者将其部分资金用于捐赠,这就为增加慈善事业的存量提供了机会,并有可能在全球范围内实现慈善事业的民主化。然而,从目前支持的事业来看,数字资产所有者支持的慈善事业与传统捐赠人不同,他们对环境事业有很大的偏爱。 

 

 

The emerging field of digital asset giving stands to change the practice of philanthropy, from reducing the requirement for trust between donors and recipients through the use of blockchain, to increasing the transparency of charitable giving. "There is a scope for innovation, beyond receiving crypto and converting to fiat, to use cryptocurrency and underlying technologies across the charitable value chain" says Ronit Ghose, Global Head, Future of Finance, Citi Global Insights. "This may increase the transparency of charitable operations" he adds. One thing is for certain: Foundations and charities need to be digital asset ready. 

 

从通过使用区块链减捐赠人和接受者之间的信任要求,到增加慈善捐赠的透明度,新兴的数字资产捐赠领域有望改变慈善事业的做法。花旗全球视角未来金融部全球主管罗尼特·戈斯说:“这可能会增加慈善业务的透明度 。而有一件事是肯定的:基金会和慈善机构需要为数字资产做好准备。”

 

 

关于《花旗全球视角与解决方案/Citi GPS》 

 

As our premier thought-leadership product, Citi Global Perspectives & Solutions (Citi GPS) is designed to help our clients navigate the global economy's most demanding challenges, identify future themes and trends, and help our clients profit in a fast-changing and interconnected world. Citi GPS accesses the best elements of our global conversation and harvests the thought leadership of our research analysts and a wide range of senior professionals across our firm. 

 

作为花旗最重要的思想领导力产品,《花旗全球视角与解决方案/Citi GPS》旨在帮助花旗的客户应对全球经济最严峻的挑战,确定未来的主题和趋势,并帮助花旗的客户在快速变化和相互关联的世界中获利。《花旗全球视角与解决方案/Citi GPS》从花旗的全球对话中获取最佳元素,并从花旗公司研究分析师和广泛的高级专业人员处获取其思想领导力。

 

关键句翻译

 

中国天眼FAST发现宇宙中最大原子气体结构,那么FAST的英文全称是什么?

 

Five-hundred-meter Aperture Spherical radio Telescope

aperture n. 光圈 

spherical adj. 球形的 

telescope n. 望远镜

翻译、撰稿:丁适于(杭州市基金会发展促进会)

 

 

 

 

杭基会是由杭州地区致力于推动基金会行业发展的社会组织、企事业单位等机构和个人自愿结成的联合型、枢纽型社会团体,是继深圳市基金会发展促进会后,国内第二个专门针对区域基金会行业的联合性组织。

 

杭基会由杭州市慈善总会、浙江省微笑明天慈善基金会、浙江都快传媒集团有限公司、浙江省残疾人福利基金会、浙江省妇女儿童基金会、阿里巴巴公益基金会、浙江正泰公益基金会、浙江海亮慈善基金会、杭州市西湖教育基金会、浙江锦江公益基金会、浙江传化慈善基金会、杭州青荷公益基金会、杭州市德信蓝助学基金会、杭州诸商慈善基金会等14家基金会和媒体共同发起。目前有会员71名,包含36家基金会、14家慈善会系统、以及媒体、学界、金融、法律、文艺、企业等领域代表。

 

杭基会的宗旨是遵守宪法、法律、法规和国家政策,践行社会主义核心价值观,遵守社会道德风尚,推动杭州市公益慈善事业持续、健康、快速发展。根据《中华人民共和国慈善法》的有关依法成立慈善行业组织的规定,促进基金会行业自律机制建设,健全基金会行业运作规范,加强对基金会行业的服务,提升基金会行业专业水平和社会公信力。

 

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